Retina and Uveitis Center | Choroidal Nevus, Macular Pucker Surgery and Macular Hole

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSC)

Retina and Uveitis Center | Rare Retinal Conditions, Retinal Detachment Repair and Vitrectomy

A disorder known as Central Serous Retinopathy (aka CSC or CSR) can cause fluid to accumulate under the macula or central portion of the retina. The most common reported symptom is blurry central vision in one eye. However, when examined, the other eye often displays involvement as well. Depending on the location and amount of sub-retinal fluid, CSC can show no symptoms, especially if the affected areas fall outside of the macula—the part of the retina used to distinguish fine detail for activities like reading and recognizing faces.

While the reasons remain unclear, CSC is more common in men and most often occurs in young and middle-aged adults.

Factors that can worsen the condition or increase your risk INCLUDE:

  • Systemic exposure to corticosteroids (allergy nose sprays, inhalers, anti-inflammatory skin creams, steroid injections)
  • Stress/ Type A personality
  • Genetics
  • Cardiovascular disease or high blood pressure
  • The hormonal changes associated with pregnancy
  • Certain Medications


With CSC, the subretinal fluid sometimes, within a few weeks to months, clears on its own without any treatment. If it does not, our Retina specialist may recommend eye drops, oral medications, eye injections, or specific laser treatments.

In all cases, treatment goals remain the same; to clear the liquid, prevent vision loss, and restore eyesight as much as possible. Although CSC can recur, the key to protecting your vision remains prevention, early detection, and timely treatment.

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